Orthodontic disorders can be defined as a dental problem which manifests itself as wrongly-positioned teeth and jaws and misaligned bite patterns. Orthodontic disorders cause extreme discomfort while chewing or talking, and cleaning the teeth can be a big hassle. But most importantly, they affect the appearance of a person, which is one of the main reasons why people opt for orthodontic treatment. Bisson Dentistry offers accurate diagnosis and treatment of orthodontic disorders to restore your oral health and improve the appearance of your teeth. Click here to find out more.
Common orthodontic disorders
Timely dental intervention for orthodontic disorders can improve the appearance of the teeth, make chewing easier, improve speech function and prevent tooth decay. Take a look at the orthodontic disorders and how they can affect you:
An overbite is a condition where the upper jaw hangs far over the lower jaw. Overbites can, in the long run, damage the gums due to excessive grinding. The teeth become prone to chipping as they grate against each other for a prolonged time. Overbites can be rectified with braces, rubber bands and other orthodontic treatments.
Under bites are just the reverse of overbites where the lower jaw sticks far ahead of the upper jaw. This misalignment causes problems while chewing, speaking, and leads to considerable damage to the gums. Under bites require rectification at the earliest possible stage.
If there is an opening between the upper and lower teeth when both are clenched, it is known as an open bite. Open bite is a big hindrance to chewing and the results not only in oral problems but also in digestive disorders.
Cross bites are a result of a combination of oral problems such as misaligned upper and lower molars, and overbite in the front jaw. Cross bites force people to chew on one side of the mouth, which results in uneven teeth.
When teeth jostle for space within a narrow jaw, it can result in the teeth being pushed forward, backward or along the sides. Crowded teeth can cause a host of problems from dental decay, cavities and plaque. The crowded space makes it conducive for bacteria to thrive and grow.
Orthodontic appliances that rectify orthodontic disorders
Whatever the orthodontic disorder is, it can be rectified in various ways. After a thorough examination and preliminary tests, an orthodontist will suggest a fixable or removable solution that will have to be used for a prescribed period.
Braces are the most common fixed orthodontic appliance comprising brackets, wires and rubber bands that anchor the appliance to the teeth. The wires are arched over the teeth and fixed to the brackets to apply pressure on the teeth. Braces are worn for months or years and require regular maintenance.
Removable appliances should be worn at all times and must be taken out only while flossing, brushing or eating. Some of the most widely used removable orthodontic appliances include headgear, aligners, retainers, palatal expanders, splints and jaw repositioning appliances.